The "teaching weapon," which establishes a foundation of knowledge, control, and thought.

Origins: At one time, a foil was any teaching or practice weapon which had a point that was folded back or blunted. Over time it has become its own weapon.

The Weapon: 30-35 inch blade with quadrilateral cross-section, circular, figure eight, or clam-shell bell guard (coquille).

The Danger Zone: The foil is a point weapon, so successful attacks may only be delivered with the point of the weapon, using a thrust.

The Target Area: The torso and the bib. (The arms, head, and anything below the hip bone are excluded.)

Right of Way Rule: Yes

"If a rough, strong man with no imaginable notion of how to conduct himself in attack were to arrive and fight with a sword and dagger against someone weaker but experienced in fencing, you would see who would be left dead in the field."
Francesco Ferdinando Alfieri