Treatises and Manuals

In HEMA/WMA, we strive to recreate the arts of the fencing masters from the treatises and manuals they wrote. This is by no means intended to be a comprehensive list, only a sampling of resources.

  • Ridolfo Capoferro – Gran Simulacro dell’Arte e dellUso della Scherma (1610)
    • Translation: Ridolfo Capoferro’s The Art and Practice of Fencing, Tom Leoni (2011)
  • Francesco Ferdinando Alfieri – La Scherma (1640)
    • Translation: La Scherma (The Art of Fencing), Carolilne Steward, Phil Marshall & Piermarco Terminello (2012)
  • Camillo Agrippa – Tratto di Scientia d’Arme (1553)
    • Translation: Fencing: A Renaisannce Treatise by Camillo Agrippa – Ken Mondeschein (2009)
  • Nicoletto Giganti – Scola, overo, Teatro: nelquale sono rappresentate diverse maniere, e modi di parare, e di ferire di spada sola, e de spade, e pugnale; dove ogni studioso portra esserciatarsi e farsi prattico nella professione dell’Armi (1606), and (1608)
    • Translation: Venetian Rapier: The School, or Salle – Tom Leoni (2010)
    • Translation: The ‘Lost’ Second Book of Nicoletto Giganti (1608): A Rapier Fencing Treatise – Piermarco Terminello and Joshua Pendragon (2013)
  • Girard Thibault d’Anvers – Academie de l’Espee (1630)
    • Translation: Academy of the Sword: The Mystery of the Spanish Circle in Swordsmanship and Esoteric Arts – John Michael Greer (2006)
  • Henri de Saint-Didier – Traicté Contenant Les Secrets Du Premier Livre Sur L’Espée Seule (1573)
    • Translation: The Single Sword of Henry de Sainct-Didier – Robert Preston Hyatt and Devin Wilson (2009)
  • Domenico Angelo – L’Ecole d’Armes (1763)
  • Fiore Dei Liberi
  • Joachim Meyer


"I say that every motion and every stillness of mine and my adversary together make a tempo, in as much, that the one measures the other."
Ridolfo Capoferro
Capo Ferro